Utah, San Francisco, 1889; E. D. Howe, Mormonism
Unveiled, Painesville, Ohio, 1834; D. P. Kidder,
Mormonism and Mormons; historical View of the Rise
and Progress of the... Latter-Day Saints, New York,
1853; B. G. Ferris, Utah and the Mormons, ib. 1854; J.
W. Gunnison, The Mormons, Philadelphia, 1856; J. Hyde,
Jr., Mormonism; its Leaders and Designs, New York,
1857 (by an ex-Mormon); P. Tucker, Origin, Rise, and
Progress of Mormonism, ib. 1867; J. H. Beadle, Life in
Utah; or, the Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism, Philadelphia,
1870; idem, Polygamy; or, the Mysteries... of
Mormonism, Fulton, Ky., 1904; M. Busch, Geschichte der
Mormonen nebet Darstellung ihres Glaubens, Leipsic, 1870;
F. H. Ludlow, Heart of the Continent; with an Examination
of the Mormon Principle, New York, 1870; T. B. H.
Stenhouse, The Rocky Mountain Saints, ib. 1873; R. von
Sehlagintweit, Die Mormonen... von ihrer Entetehung
bis auf die Gegenwart, Cologne, 1878; J. H. Kennedy, Early
Days of Mormonism, New York, 1888; T. Gregg, The
Prophet of Palmyra, Mormonism; together with a complete
Hist. of the Mormon Era, ib. 1890; W. H. Thomas, Mormon
Saints, London, 1890; M. T. Lamb, The Mormons
and their Bible, Philadelphia, 1901; I. W. Riley, The
Founder of Mormonism, New York, 1902; N. L. Nelson,
Scientific Aspects of Mormonism, ib. 1904; Mrs. J. F. Willing,
On American Soil; or, Mormonism the Mohammedanism
of the West, Louisville, 1906; E. V. Fohlin, Salt Lake
City, Past and Present - A Narrative of its History and Romance,
its People and Cultures, its Industry and Commerce,
Salt Lake City, 1909. A considerable body of magazine
literature is indicated in Richardson, Encyclopaedia,
pp . 748-749.
MORNING LECTURES: The name usually given to a series of sermons published under the title
Morning Exercises at Cripplegate, St.-Giles-in the-Fields and in Southwark, being divers Sermons
preached A.D. 1669-1689, by several Ministers of the Gospel in or near London, 8 vols., London;
republished, ed. J. Nichols, 6 vols., London, 1844. The occasion is thus given by D. Neal (Hist.
of the Puritans, i. 424, New York, 1863): " The opening of the war [between parliament and King
Charles I.] gave rise to an exercise of prayer, and exhortation to repentance, for an hour every morning
in the week. Most of the citizens of London having some near relation or friend in the army of the Earl
of Essex, so many bills were sent up to the pulpit every Lord's Day for their preservation, that the
minister had neither time to read them, nor to recommend their cases to God in prayer: it was therefore
agreed, by some London divines, to separate an hour for this purpose every morning, one-half to be spent
in prayer, and the other in a suitable exhortation to the people." These serv ices were held in various
churches consecutively, and, after the end of the war, were continued, until the Revolution, in a modified
form, the sermons taking up points of practical divinity. The collection of sermons is regarded as "one of
the best compends of theology in the English language."
MORONE, mo-ro-ne, GIOVANNI DE: Italian cardinal; b. at Milan Jan. 25, 1509; d. in Rome Dec. 1, 1580.
He studied law at Padua, but entered the ecclesiastical life, and as early as 1529, for services rendered by
his father, he was appointed by Clement VII. to the bishopric of Modena. Paul III., on ascending the papal
throne in 1535, despatched the young bishop as nuncio to the duke of Milan, then to Germany, whence Vergerio
had just returned. His chief task and commission was to promote, both with King Ferdinand and also in Hungary
and elsewhere, the cause of the proposed
council at Mantua; to dissipate the opposition that had been roused against the choice of that place; and to
inform the Curia concerning everything that bore upon ecclesiastical questions (the records of this nunciature
were published with annotations by W. Friedensburg, Gotha, 1892). Morone was once more sent across the Alps
(1540), this time to the conference in session at Spires. Though he was likewise present at Regensburg in 1541,
yet the controlling part there fell to Cardinal Gasparo Contarini (q.v.). Morone, who in the mean time had become
a cardinal, returned to Modena in 1542, where he now found serious heresies at work, especially among the members
of the local Academy of the Grillenzoni. It had become habitual to read Sommario delta Sacra Scrittura
("Summary of Sacred Scripture"), while Protestant views obtained on various doctrines. After somewhat protracted
proceedings, those under examination signed certain articles whereby they signified their orthodoxy. Morone
himself belonged to the circle of people who valued highly the little book, "Of the Benefit of Christ's Death"
(see ITALY, THE REFORMATION IN, s 7), a point subsequently brought forward in the trial that was
instituted against him on the charge of heresy. For neither the important services which Morone had rendered the
Curia during his nunciatures nor those which he had rendered as one of the legates at the Council of Trent could
shield him from the mistrust of the fanatical Paul IV. (q.v.). The pope included Morone, along with two other
bishops and Cardinal Pole (q.v.), under a writ of indictment (June, 1557); and, once committed to prison in the
Castle of San Angelo, Morone was obliged to linger there till after the pope's death (1559). Pius IV., in whose
election the cardinal, liberated after the pope's death, had taken part, declared him innocent and quashed the
trial, and when the Council of Trent reopened, the pope designated Cardinal Morone as one of its presidents.
This experienced diplomat was employed also by Gregory XIII., who despatched him to Genoa, and in 1576 to Regensburg
as envoy to Maximilian II. Morone spent his closing years at Rome, where he had been appointed dean of the College
of Cardinals. He rests in the Church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva. &nmbsp; K. BENRATH.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: The Vita by N. Bernabei, Modena, 1885; C. Cant, in Atti dell' 1atituto
Lombardo, 1866; F. Selopis, in Sennees et travaux de 1'academie des sciences morales et politiques,
compto-rendu, xc. 29-48, 321-359, xci. 49-82, Paris, 1869-70; Ranks, Popes, i. 106, 122, 256-265, iii.,
nos. 22, 23, 39; KL, viii. 1929-30; and J. G. Schellhorn, Amaenilates literartae, xii. 537-586,
14 vols., Leipsic, 1725-1731.
MORONITES. See CELESTINES.
MORRIS, EDWARD DAFYDD: Presbyterian; b. at Utica, N. Y., Oct. 31, 1825. He was graduated from Yale
College (A.B., 1849) and Auburn Theological Seminary (1852). He was pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church,
Auburn, N. Y. (1852-55), and of the Second Presbyterian Church, Columbus, O. (1855-67); professor of church
history in Lane Theological Seminary, Cincinnati (1867-74), and of theology in the same institution (1874-97).
He was moderator of the Presbyterian General Assembly at Cleveland, O., in 1875, and in